Formative assessment is an ongoing process of gathering information on the extent of learning, on strengths and weaknesses, which the teacher can feed back into their course planning and the actual feedback they give learners. (…) The strength of formative assessment is that it aims to improve learning.
Common European Framework, 2003
Key elements of formative assessment
- Establishment of a classroom culture that encourages interaction and the use of assessment tools.
- Establishment of learning goals, and tracking of individual student progress toward those goals.
- Use of varied instruction methods to meet diverse student needs.
- Use of varied approaches to assessing student understanding.
- Feedback on student performance and adaptation of instruction to meet identified needs.
- Active involvement of students in the learning process.
Advantages for students
- increased motivation – mistakes considered as an obvious and natural part of the learning process;
- better results;
- increased self-esteem;
- better awareness of the learning process;
- increased student’s autonomy;
- increased satisfaction from the learning process.
Advantages for teachers
- gaining new tools which complement summative assessment;
- acquiring new competences;
- acquiring new knowledge;
- introducing modern and effective techniques of assessment into the teaching process.